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A meta-analytical assessment of the efficacy of immediate release methylphenidate to reduce hyperactivity in children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD)

Bratt, Alison M., Masanyero-Bennie, Bernadette, Kelley, Stephen P. (2017) A meta-analytical assessment of the efficacy of immediate release methylphenidate to reduce hyperactivity in children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Experimental Pharmacology, 1 (1). pp. 10-18.

Abstract

Psychostimulant medications, such as Methylphenidate (MPH) have become main stay treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention in children. Such symptoms frequently also co-exist in children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD), thereby complicating a differential diagnosis. The presence of ADHD-like symptoms in children with ASD can have a significant detrimental impact on learning and social interaction, and can limit the outcome of behavioural interventions to address areas of core ASD difficulties. Therefore, it is of clinical relevance and potential benefit to address the issue of effectiveness and tolerability/safety of stimulants such as methylphenidate in children with co-morbid diagnoses of ASD + ADHD. This study performed a meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials homogeneously measuring the effect of immediate release Methylphenidate (MPH) to reduce scores of hyperactivity in children with comorbid ADHD + ASD. The findings that IR-MPH produces an overall moderate significant benefit to reduce hyperactivity in ASD are discussed in relation to the risk/benefit question of medication use in this population.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Alison Bratt
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2017 15:57 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:59 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/65038 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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