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GI-530159, a novel, selective, mechano-sensitive K2P channel opener, reduces rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron excitability

Loucif, Alexandre J C, Saintot, Pierre-Philippe, Liu, Jia, Antonio, Brett M, Zellmer, Shannon G, Yoger, Katrina, Veale, Emma L., Wilbrey, Anna, Omoto, Kiyoyuki, Cao, Lishuang, and others. (2017) GI-530159, a novel, selective, mechano-sensitive K2P channel opener, reduces rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron excitability. British Journal of Pharmacology, 175 (12). pp. 2272-2283. ISSN 0007-1188. E-ISSN 1476-5381. (doi:10.1111/bph.14098)

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Background and Purpose: TREK two pore domain potassium channels play a critical role in regulating the excitability of somatosensory nociceptive neurons and are important mediators of pain perception. An understanding of the roles of TREK channels in pain perception and, indeed, in other pathophysiological conditions, has been severely hampered by the lack of potent and/or selective activators and inhibitors. In this study we describe a new, selective opener of TREK channels, GI-530159 (4,4?-(Hexafluoroisopropylidene)bis(p-phenyleneoxy)dianiline).

Experimental Approach: The effect of GI-530159 on TREK channels was demonstrated using 86Rb efflux assays, whole-cell and single channel patch clamp recordings from recombinant TREK channels. TREK1, TREK2 and TRAAK expression was determined using transcriptome analysis from single dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells. Current-clamp recordings from cultured rat DRG neurons were used to measure the effect of GI-530159 on neuronal excitability.

Key Results: For recombinant human TREK1 channels GI-530159 had an EC50 of 0.8?M from Rb efflux experiments and 0.9?M from electrophysiological recordings. The compound activated TREK2 channels but it had no detectable action on TRAAK channels nor any significant effect on other K channels tested. Current clamp recordings from cultured rat DRG neurones showed that application of GI-530159 at 1?M resulted in a significant reduction in firing frequency and a small hyperpolarisation of resting membrane potential.

Conclusions and Implications: This study provides pharmacological evidence for the presence of mechano-sensitive TREK K2P channels in sensory neurones and suggests that development of selective K2P channel openers like GI-530159 could aid to the development of novel analgesic agents.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/bph.14098
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Alistair Mathie
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 09:10 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:51 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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