Do perceived barriers to clinical presentation affect anticipated time to presenting with cancer symptoms: An ICBP Study

Donnelly, C. and Wardle, J. and Quaife, S. and Forbes, Lindsay J.L. and Boylan, J. and Tishelman, C. and Gavin, A. (2017) Do perceived barriers to clinical presentation affect anticipated time to presenting with cancer symptoms: An ICBP Study. European Journal of Public Health, 27 (5). pp. 1-25. ISSN 1101-1262. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx064) (Full text available)

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Abstract

Background: Cancer survival in the UK and Denmark are lower when compared to similar countries with late diagnosis a possible cause. We aimed to study the relationship between barriers to attending a primary care physician (GP) and anticipated time to help seeking (ATHS) with four cancer symptoms in six countries. Method: A population-based survey measuring cancer awareness and beliefs conducted within the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and UK. Data were collected on perceived barriers to GP consultation (including embarrassment, worry about wasting the doctors time, fear about what the doctor might find and being too busy) and ATHS for persistent cough, abdominal swelling, rectal bleeding and breast changes. Relationships between perceived barriers and ATHS were investigated using multivariable analysis. Results: Among 19,079 respondents, higher perceived barrier scores were associated with longer ATHS intervals for all symptoms studied (p<0.01) responders with the highest barrier scores (>10.84) had between two and three times the odds of longer ATHS. ATHS was low in Australia for all symptoms and highest in Denmark for abdominal bloating. Conclusion: Perceived barriers to help-seeking have a role in delaying GP presentation. Early diagnosis campaigns should address emotional and practical barriers that reduce early presentation with potential cancer symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Cancer, Early diagnosis, cancer awareness, epidemiology, health seeking behaviour
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Paula Loader
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 09:55 UTC
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2018 11:36 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/64488 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Forbes, Lindsay J.L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4654-9520
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