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Molecular profiling and combinatorial activity of CCT068127: A potent CDK2 and CDK9 inhibitor

Whittaker, Steven R., Barlow, Clare, Martin, Mathew P., Mancusi, Caterina, Wagner, Steve, Self, Annette, Barrie, Elaine, te Poele, Robert, Sharp, Swee, Brown, Nathan, and others. (2018) Molecular profiling and combinatorial activity of CCT068127: A potent CDK2 and CDK9 inhibitor. Molecular Oncology, 12 . pp. 287-304. ISSN 1574-7891. E-ISSN 1878-0261. (doi:10.1002/1878-0261.12148) (KAR id:64152)

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Abstract

Deregulation of the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple cancer types. Consequently, CDKs have garnered intense interest as therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer. We describe herein the molecular and cellular effects of CCT068127, a novel inhibitor of CDK2 and CDK9. Optimised from the purine template of seliciclib, CCT068127 exhibits greater potency and selectivity against purified CDK2 and CDK9 and superior antiproliferative activity against human colon cancer and melanoma cell lines. X-ray crystallography studies reveal that hydrogen bonding with the DFG motif of CDK2 is the likely mechanism of greater enzymatic potency. Commensurate with inhibition of CDK activity, CCT068127 treatment results in decreased retinoblastoma protein (RB) phosphorylation, reduced phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II and induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The transcriptional signature of CCT068127 shows greatest similarity to other small molecule CDK and also HDAC inhibitors. CCT068127 caused a dramatic loss in expression of DUSP6 phosphatase, alongside elevated ERK phosphorylation and activation of MAPK pathway target genes. MCL1 protein levels are rapidly decreased by CCT068127 treatment and this associates with synergistic antiproliferative activity after combined treatment with CCT068127 and ABT263, a BCL2-family inhibitor. These findings support the rational combination of this series of CDK2/9 inhibitors and BCL2 family inhibitors for the treatment of human cancer.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1002/1878-0261.12148
Uncontrolled keywords: CDK, MCL1, seliciclib, CCT068127, ABT263
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Michelle Garrett
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2017 15:51 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 04:09 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/64152 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Garrett, Michelle D.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3939-1673
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