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Analysis of the fractures of metallic materials using optical coherence tomography

Hutiu, Gheorghe, Duma, Virgil, Demian, D., Bradu, Adrian, Podoleanu, Adrian G.H. (2017) Analysis of the fractures of metallic materials using optical coherence tomography. In: Proceedings of SPIE. Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection X. 10329. SPIE ISBN 978-1-5106-1103-0. (doi:10.1117/12.2270117)

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Abstract

Forensic in situ investigations, for example for aviation, maritime, road, or rail accidents would benefit from a method that may allow to distinguish ductile from brittle fractures of metals - as material defects are one of the potential causes of such accidents. Currently, the gold standard in material studies is represented by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, SEM are large, lab-based systems, therefore in situ measurements are excluded. In addition, they are expensive and time-consuming. We have approached this problem and propose the use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in such investigations in order to overcome these disadvantages of SEM. In this respect, we demonstrate the capability to perform such fracture analysis by obtaining the topography of metallic surfaces using OCT. Different materials have been analyzed; in this presentation a sample of low soft carbon steel with the chemical composition of C 0.2%, Mn 1.15%, S 0.04%, P 0.05 % and Fe for the rest has been considered. An in-house developed Swept Source (SS) OCT system has been used, and height profiles have been generated for the sample surface. This profile allowed for concluding that the carbon steel sample was subjected to a ductile fracture. A validation of the OCT images obtained with a 10 microns resolution has been made with SEM images obtained with a 4 nm resolution. Although the OCT resolution is much lower than the one of SEM, we thus demonstrate that it is sufficient in order to obtain clear images of the grains of the metallic materials and thus to distinguish between ductile and brittle fractures. This study analysis opens avenues for a range of applications, including: (i) to determine the causes that have generated pipe ruptures, or structural failures of metallic bridges and buildings, as well as damages of machinery parts; (ii) to optimize the design of various machinery; (iii) to obtain data regarding the structure of metallic alloys); (iv) to improve the manufacturing technologies of metallic parts.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Proceeding)
DOI/Identification number: 10.1117/12.2270117
Uncontrolled keywords: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), metallic materials, surface topography, interferometric imaging, forensic investigations
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R857.O6 Optical coherence tomography
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences
Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Applied Optics Group
Depositing User: Adrian Bradu
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2017 20:19 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:43 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/64111 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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