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Extreme infrared variables from UKIDSS – II. An end-of-survey catalogue of eruptive YSOs and unusual stars

Lucas, P. W., Smith, L. C., Contreras Peña, C., Froebrich, Dirk, Drew, J. E., Kumar, M. S. N., Borissova, J., Minniti, D., Kurtev, R., Monguió, M. and others. (2017) Extreme infrared variables from UKIDSS – II. An end-of-survey catalogue of eruptive YSOs and unusual stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 472 (3). pp. 2990-3020. ISSN 0035-8711. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2058) (KAR id:63866)

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We present a catalogue of 618 high amplitude infrared variable stars (1 < DeltaK < 5 mag) detected by the two widely separated epochs of 2.2 um data in the UKIDSS Galactic plane survey, from searches covering 1470 deg^2. Most were discovered by a search of all fields at 30 < l < 230 deg. Sources include new dusty Mira variables, three new CV candidates, a blazar and a peculiar source that may be an interacting binary system. However, c. 60 per cent are YSOs, based on spatial association with star forming regions at distances ranging from 300 pc to over 10 kpc. This confirms our initial result in Contreras Pena et al.(Paper I) that YSOs dominate the high amplitude infrared variable sky in the Galactic disc. It is also supported by recently published VVV results at 295 < l < 350 deg. The spectral energy distributions of the YSOs indicate class I or flat spectrum systems in most cases, as in the VVV sample. A large number of variable YSOs are associated with the Cygnus X complex and other groups are associated with the North America/Pelican nebula, the Gemini OB1 molecular cloud, the Rosette complex, the Cone nebula, the W51 star forming region and the S86 and S236 HII regions. Most of the YSO variability is likely due to variable/episodic accretion on timescales of years, albeit usually less extreme than classical FUors and EXors. Luminosities at the 2010 WISE epoch range from c. 0.1 Lsun to 10^3 Lsun but only rarely exceed 10^2.5 Lsun.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stx2058
Uncontrolled keywords: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Dirk Froebrich
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 11:32 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 14:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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