Gender roles and employment pathways of older women and men in England.

Van der Horst, Mariska and Lain, David and Vickerstaff, Sarah and Clark, Charlotte and Baumberg Geiger, Ben (2017) Gender roles and employment pathways of older women and men in England. Sage Open, . ISSN 2158-2440. (In press) (Full text available)

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Abstract

In the context of population ageing, the UK government is encouraging people to work longer and delay retirement and it is claimed that many people now make ‘gradual’ transitions from full-time to part-time work to retirement. Part-time employment in older age may, however, be largely due to women working part-time before older age, as per a UK ‘modified male breadwinner’ model. This article therefore separately examines the extent to which men and women make transitions into part-time work in older age, and whether such transitions are influenced by marital status. Following older men and women over a ten-year period using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, this article presents sequence, cluster, and multinomial logistic regression analyses. Little evidence is found for people moving into part-time work in older age. Typically, women did not work at all or they worked part-time (with some remaining in part-time work and some retiring/exiting from this activity). Consistent with a ‘modified male breadwinner’ logic, marriage was positively related to the likelihood of women belonging to typically ‘female employment pathway clusters’, which mostly consist of part-time work or not being employed. Men were mostly working full-time regardless of marital status. Attempts to extend working lives among older women are therefore likely to be complicated by the influence of traditional gender roles on employment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Extended working lives, gender differences, UK, sequence analysis, gender roles.
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Mariska van der Horst
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 13:15 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 13:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/63692 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Van der Horst, Mariska: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5988-7318
Vickerstaff, Sarah: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2572-3582
Baumberg Geiger, Ben: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0341-3532
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