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Fishing in a congested sea: What do marine protected areas imply for the future of the Maltese artisanal fleet?

Said, Alicia, MacMillan, Douglas C., Schembri, Michael, Tzanopoulos, Joseph (2017) Fishing in a congested sea: What do marine protected areas imply for the future of the Maltese artisanal fleet? Applied Geography, 87 . pp. 245-255. ISSN 0143-6228. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.08.013) (KAR id:63465)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.08.013

Abstract

Inshore artisanal fishing in Malta is under intense spatial competition as the coastal zone is fragmented by multiple uses and designations including maritime transport, infrastructure, industrial fisheries, aquaculture, tourism and recreation. This research, adopting a grounded visualization methodology, explains how the artisanal fishing sector has undergone and been affected by ‘spatial squeezing’. Our results show that artisanal fishermen have been forced to give up fishing grounds or co-exist with other uses to the point where the ability to fish is becoming increasingly challenging. These difficulties might escalate with the advent of the marine protected areas (MPAs) which encompass nearly half of the inshore fishing zones. Since there does not seem to be effective MPA consultation mechanisms that elicit the real social, cultural and economic value of artisanal fishing grounds, fishermen feel threatened, alienated and disempowered. This study urges for a more holistic approach to spatial marine planning and accentuates the need of realizing the dependency of the artisanal sector on the inshore zones in the implementation of conservation measures, such that the prolonged existence of the coastal fishing communities is not jeopardized.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.08.013
Uncontrolled keywords: Mediterranean; Conflict; Livelihoods; Marine spatial planning; Grounded visualization approach; Governance
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: A. Said
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 12:37 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/63465 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
MacMillan, Douglas C.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2573-5049
Tzanopoulos, Joseph: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3322-2019
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