An Evaluation of Marine Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas in the Context of Spatial Conservation Prioritization

McGowan, Jennifer, Smith, Robert J., Di Marco, Moreno, Clarke, Rohan, Possingham, Hugh P. (2017) An Evaluation of Marine Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas in the Context of Spatial Conservation Prioritization. Conservation Letters, . ISSN 1755-263X. E-ISSN 1755-263X. (doi:10.1111/conl.12399)

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Abstract

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) are sites identified as globally important for bird species conservation. Marine IBAs are one of the few comprehensive multi-species datasets available for the marine environment, and their use in conservation planning will likely increase as countries race to protect 10% of their territorial waters by 2020. We tested 15 planning scenarios for Australia's Exclusive Economic Zone to guide best practice on integrating marine IBAs into spatial conservation prioritization. We found prioritizations based solely on habitat protection failed to protect IBAs, and prioritizations based solely on IBAs similarly failed to meet basic levels of habitat representation. Further, treating all marine IBAs as irreplaceable sites produced the most inefficient plans in terms of ecological representativeness and protection equality. Our analyses suggest that marine spatial planners who wish to use IBAs treat them like any other conservation feature by assigning them a specific protection target.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/conl.12399
Uncontrolled keywords: Conservation; IBAs; MPAs; protection equality; representation; seabirds; spatial prioritization
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Bob Smith
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 15:19 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:28 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/63238 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Smith, Robert J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1599-9171
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