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The effects of arousal reappraisal on stress responses, performance and attention

Sammy, Nadine, Anstiss, Paul, Moore, Lee, Freeman, Paul, Wilson, Mark, Vine, Samuel (2017) The effects of arousal reappraisal on stress responses, performance and attention. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 30 (6). pp. 619-629. ISSN 1061-5806. E-ISSN 1477-2205. (doi:10.1080/10615806.2017.1330952) (KAR id:63180)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2017.1330952

Abstract

Background and Objectives: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339–343. doi:10.1123/jsep.2014-0186] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance. This study aimed to further the work of Moore and colleagues (2015) by examining the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention in a multi-trial pressurized performance situation.

Design and Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to either an arousal reappraisal intervention or control condition, and completed a pressurized dart throwing task. The intervention encouraged participants to view their physiological arousal as facilitative rather than debilitative to performance. Measures of cardiovascular reactivity, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, task performance and attention were recorded.

Results: The reappraisal group displayed more favorable cardiovascular reactivity and reported higher resource evaluations and higher self-confidence than the control group but no task performance or attention effects were detected.

Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the strength of arousal reappraisal in promoting adaptive stress responses, perceptions of resources and self-confidence.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/10615806.2017.1330952
Uncontrolled keywords: Challenge, threat, psychophysiology, cardiovascular, attention
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: P. Anstiss
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 11:20 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/63180 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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