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Self-care and improved outcomes: An intervention by heart failure nurses specialists

MacInnes, Julie, Walton, Anita (2016) Self-care and improved outcomes: An intervention by heart failure nurses specialists. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing, 11 (2). pp. 82-88. ISSN 1749-6403. (doi:10.12968/bjca.2016.11.2.82) (KAR id:62951)

Abstract

Background:

Heart failure is a prevalent, debilitating condition. Patients need to develop and maintain effective strategies and behaviours to care for themselves and manage their illness.

Aim:

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether or not an educational intervention carried out by a team of heart failure nurse specialists (HFNS), as part of usual care, enhanced self-care behaviour in patients with chronic heart failure.

Methods:

A quantitative survey was carried out using the ‘Looking After Yourself with Heart Failure Questionnaire (LAYHFQ)’, to determine levels of self-care behaviour pre- and post-HFNS intervention. All new patients registered to a community heart failure nursing service completed the questionnaire at initial assessment and 6 weeks later, following the nurse-led intervention (N=36). Paired t-tests (2-tailed) were carried out to determine if there were significant differences between total self-care scores before and after the intervention, and for each individual self-care behaviour.

Results:

Selfcare was improved overall (p=0.011), with five behaviours demonstrating a statistically significant improvement: namely, the uptake of flu and pneumonia vaccination (p=0.009), regular weighing (p=0.001), recognising changes in sleep patterns (p=0.014), recognising signs of fluid retention (p=0.001), and the wellbeing dimension of going out as much as possible (p=0.019).

Conclusion:

An educational intervention by an HFNS leads to enhanced self-care and may result in improved physical and psychological outcomes for patients with heart failure.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.12968/bjca.2016.11.2.82
Uncontrolled keywords: Heart failure, Self-care, Nurse Specialist Intervention, Questionnaire
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Julie Macinnes
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2017 13:43 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 03:33 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62951 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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