The Fate of Temples in Noricum and Pannonia

Walsh, David (2016) The Fate of Temples in Noricum and Pannonia. American Journal of Archaeology, 120 (2). pp. 221-238. ISSN 0002-9114. (doi:https://doi.org/10.3764/aja.120.2.0221) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.3764/aja.120.2.0221

Abstract

The abandonment and destruction of temples in late antiquity has become the subject of widespread discussion in recent years. However, the provinces of the Danubian frontier have been left largely understudied in this respect. This article seeks to add new data and observations to this debate by determining several points regarding the temples of Noricum and Pannonia, including when a decline in their construction becomes evident, how sources of temple benefaction alter over time, and how these changes relate to building work undertaken across the civic sphere. It also looks at the abandonment of temples, focusing particularly on when they became common sources of spolia for other building projects, what evidence there is for the violent closure of temples, and who might have been responsible for this. I argue that there is an evident decline in the construction and restoration of temples from the early third century onward, while temple building materials became increasingly used as spolia from the Tetrarchic period onward. I also show that the violent destruction of temples in the fourth century was uncommon, and, in instances where it did occur, the identity of the perpetrators is open to interpretation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Archaeology; Roman, Late Antiquity; Late Antique; Temples
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages
Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > Classical and Archaeological Studies
Depositing User: David Walsh
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2017 13:33 UTC
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2018 14:23 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62901 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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