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Drones, State Terrorism and International Law

Blakeley, Ruth (2018) Drones, State Terrorism and International Law. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 11 (2). pp. 321-341. ISSN 1753-9153. E-ISSN 1753-9161. (doi:10.1080/17539153.2018.1456722) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

The conventional wisdom among US foreign policymakers is that drones enable precise strikes, and therefore limit collateral damage. In contrast, critics point out that many civilian casualties have ensued, and they variously cite poor intelligence and imprecision of the strikes as reasons for this. Critics have also raised concerns that the US and its allies are engaging in “lawfare” to legitimise violations of human rights law. As such, some have questioned whether academic engagement with the legal questions surrounding targeted killings amount to collusion with state attempts to legitimise human rights violations. This article will argue that by conceptualising the targeted killings programme as a form of state terrorism, we are better equipped to provide a critical analysis of the drones programme within the context of a long history of violence and terrorism which has underpinned the imperial and neo-imperial projects of the UK and US. The article will then argue that there are important similarities between the targeted killings programme, and previous UK and US counterinsurgency operations, including prior uses of air power, and operations involving the internment of terror suspects, and the targeting of specific individuals for interrogation and torture or disappearance. Common to these programmes is that they are forms of policing aimed at crushing rebellions, stifling disorder and constructing or maintaining particular political economies, through terror. Also common to these programmes are the attempts made either to conceal illicit actions, or in the event they are exposed, to shroud them in a veil of legitimacy. The article concludes by offering some brief reflections on why we should not abandon the quest to resolve the thorny legal questions around the targeted killings programme.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/17539153.2018.1456722
Uncontrolled keywords: State terrorism, targeted killings, drones, international law
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations > Conflict Analysis Research Centre
Depositing User: R. Blakeley
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2017 14:29 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 09:22 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62573 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Blakeley, Ruth: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8794-962X
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