On national and cultural boundaries: A cross-cultural approach to sexual violence perpetration in Brazil and the United Kingdom

Scarpati, Arielle and Pina, Afroditi (2017) On national and cultural boundaries: A cross-cultural approach to sexual violence perpetration in Brazil and the United Kingdom. Journal of Sexual Aggression, . ISSN 1355-2600. E-ISSN 1742-6545. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2017.1351265) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2017.1351265

Abstract

The majority of research on rape has so far neglected to examine the effects of socio-cultural beliefs and practices on sexual violence perpetration, with most authors dedicating themselves, instead, to an individualistic approach of this phenomenon. Although these approaches are certainly valid, they often ignore how these behaviours are embedded in the culture and, as a result, do not adequately explore the causes and consequences of sexual violence perpetration. Therefore, the primary goal of this review is to redress this deficiency, focusing on the connection between the phenomenon and the cultural backdrop against which it occurs. Hence, a discussion around certain factors that may serve to either legitimize or to condemn sexual violence in two different countries (Brazil and UK) is necessary. To make this possible, differences regarding each country’s culture, rape legislation and prevalence are presented, and issues regarding the current individualistic theoretical approach to the subject are explored.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: sexual violence; rape; culture; gender norms; Brazil; UK
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Depositing User: Afroditi Pina
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 14:15 UTC
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2018 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62512 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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