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Age and the role of executive function in perspective-taking

Brunsdon, Victoria E.A., Bradford, Elisabeth E.F., Ferguson, Heather J. (2017) Age and the role of executive function in perspective-taking. In: Social and Affective Neuroscience Society (SANS) Conference, 16-18th March, 2017, Los Angeles, California, USA. (Unpublished) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:62438)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)

Abstract

It has been suggested that, as we age, it is more difficult to take another person’s perspective. In addition, an age-related decline in executive function has been reported. This study therefore investigated the age-related differences in perspective-taking and whether executive function may underlie reduced perspective-taking ability in older age. Younger, middle-aged and older adults completed a level-1 visual perspective-taking task (with eye-tracking), and a battery of executive function tasks to assess memory, planning, flexibility and inhibitory control. Older adults had poorer inhibitory control, flexibility, and working memory, but comparable planning ability, compared to younger adults. Reaction times in the visual perspective-taking task significantly increased from young, to middle-aged, to older adults. In addition, older adults were impaired when judging another’s perspective when their own perspective differed, indicating a higher degree of egocentric bias in older adults. Statistical models examined how visual perspective-taking ability is related to individual differences in executive function across adulthood. Overall, there is a specific impairment in taking another’s perspective when there is interference from our own perspective in late adulthood. This study therefore discusses how the decline in executive function may underlie difficulties in taking another’s perspective in later life.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Poster)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Victoria Brunsdon
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 15:54 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 04:13 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62438 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Brunsdon, Victoria E.A.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6590-6880
Bradford, Elisabeth E.F.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7647-0891
Ferguson, Heather J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1575-4820
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