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Support for Anonymous as Vicarious Dissent: Testing the Social Banditry Framework

Travaglino, Giovanni A. (2017) Support for Anonymous as Vicarious Dissent: Testing the Social Banditry Framework. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 22 (2). pp. 163-181. ISSN 1368-4302. E-ISSN 1461-7188. (doi:10.1177/1368430217722037) (KAR id:62376)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430217722037

Abstract

This research uses the social banditry framework to propose that voiceless individuals in an unjust context may express their grievances vicariously. Specifically, it holds that individuals who perceive the system as unjust but lack political efficacy, express their anger against the system as support for actors whose behavior disrupts the system’s functioning. These actors are situated outside conventional societal and political structures of power, and institutions. To test the social banditry framework, two studies investigate attitudes toward Anonymous, a group of hackers who challenge the status quo using online tactics such as trolling. Study 1 (N = 304) demonstrates that appraising the system as more unjust, and perceiving lower political efficacy are positively linked to anger against the system, which in turn predicts more positive attitudes toward Anonymous. In contrast, stronger injustice-fueled anger and stronger political efficacy predict intentions to engage in direct forms of political action, such as protesting or voting. Study 2 (N = 410) replicates these findings, and theorizes and tests the role of individualistic and collectivistic values in predicting vicarious and direct expressions of dissent. Study 2 demonstrates that endorsement of horizontal individualism predicts positive attitudes towards Anonymous, whereas horizontal collectivism predicts engagement in direct political action. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430217722037
Uncontrolled keywords: Anonymous, social banditry, dual pathway model, political action, intracultural appropriation theory, vicarious dissent
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre for the Studies of Group Processes
Depositing User: Giovanni Travaglino
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2017 15:22 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:46 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62376 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Travaglino, Giovanni A.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4091-0634
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