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A systematic review of the association between emotions and eating behaviour in normal and overweight adult populations

Devonport, Tracey, Nicholls, Wendy, Fullerton, Chris (2017) A systematic review of the association between emotions and eating behaviour in normal and overweight adult populations. Journal of Health Psychology, 24 (1). pp. 3-24. ISSN 1359-1053. E-ISSN 1461-7277. (doi:10.1177/1359105317697813) (KAR id:61863)


A systematic review was completed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A comprehensive search of four electronic databases (2004–2015) yielded 60,017 articles, of which 29 met inclusion criteria. Included studies performed poorly on data quality analysis in terms of randomisation and controlling for confounding factors. Participant’s body mass index scores range from 19.73 (standard deviation?=?1.54) to 28.4 (standard deviation?=?1.4) kg/m2. Where positive and negative affects were compared, food was more likely to be consumed in response to positive affect. With regard to discrete emotions; stress, depression and sadness consistently elicited eating behaviours that fall outside of nutritional recommendations (e.g. increased food intake or poor nutritional food choices). The role of moderators including individual differences in dietary restraint and emotional eating, as well as methodological considerations, such as means of eliciting and measuring emotions, may account for equivocality with regard to some emotion and eating associations. This article concludes with recommendations for future research and implications for practice.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1359105317697813
Uncontrolled keywords: eating behaviour, emotional eating, emotions, restrained eating, self-regulation
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Christopher Fullerton
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 14:07 UTC
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 22:08 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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