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Can stateways change folkways? Longitudinal tests of the interactive effects of intergroup contact and categorization on prejudice

Eller, Anja, Abrams, Dominic, Koschate, Miriam (2017) Can stateways change folkways? Longitudinal tests of the interactive effects of intergroup contact and categorization on prejudice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 72 . pp. 21-31. ISSN 0022-1031. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2017.04.005)

Abstract

This research examined how a predictable change in the social structure over time (from segregated to integrated) can affect the way intergroup contact and subjective categorization of ingroup and outgroup members (intergroup, superordinate, dual identity) impact on intergroup bias. A three-stage longitudinal study was conducted with six-month intervals (Ns = 708, 435, 418) involving high school students in Germany. Time 1 (T1) was characterized by structural segregation and Times 2 and 3 (T2, T3) by structural integration. Longitudinal analysis between T1 and T2 showed that intergroup categorization (but not superordinate categorization or dual identity) improved intergroup relations. Between T2 and T3, dual identity reduced intergroup bias and marginally increased interpersonal closeness whereas superordinate categorization increased bias and reduced interpersonal closeness. There were no effects of intergroup categorization between T2 and T3. Overall, positive effects of contact increased over time, reaching significance from T2 to T3, supporting a consolidation hypothesis and intergroup contact theory more widely. These findings are also consistent with a congruence hypothesis that the impact of intergroup contact is partly determined by the match between how people categorize ingroup and outgroup members and the social structure that frames intergroup relations.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jesp.2017.04.005
Uncontrolled keywords: Intergroup Contact; Categorization; Common Ingroup; Longitudinal; Multilevel Analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre for the Study of Group Processes
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: George Oatridge
Date Deposited: 10 May 2017 08:58 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 13:57 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61679 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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