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New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa

Hawks, John, Elliot, Marina, Schmid, Peter, Churchill, Steven E, de Ruiter, Darryl J, Roberts, Eric M, Hilbert-Wolf, Hannah, Garvin, Heather M, Williams, Scott A, Delezene, Lucas K, and others. (2017) New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa. eLife, . ISSN 2050-084X. (doi:10.7554/eLife.24232) (KAR id:61664)

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The Rising Star cave system has produced abundant fossil hominin remains within the Dinaledi Chamber, representing a minimum of 15 individuals attributed to Homo naledi. Further exploration led to the discovery of hominin material, now comprising 131 hominin specimens, within a second chamber, the Lesedi Chamber. The Lesedi Chamber is far separated from the Dinaledi Chamber within the Rising Star cave system, and represents a second depositional context for hominin remains. In each of three collection areas within the Lesedi Chamber, diagnostic skeletal material allows a clear attribution to H. naledi. Both adult and immature material is present. The hominin remains represent at least three individuals based upon duplication of elements, but more individuals are likely present based upon the spatial context. The most significant specimen is the near-complete cranium of a large individual, designated LES1, with an endocranial volume of approximately 610 ml and associated postcranial remains. The Lesedi Chamber skeletal sample extends our knowledge of the morphology and variation of H. naledi, and evidence of H. naledi from both recovery localities shows a consistent pattern of differentiation from other hominin species.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.7554/eLife.24232
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Tracy Kivell
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 11:29 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:45 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Kivell, Tracy L.:
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