New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa

Hawks, John and Elliot, Marina and Schmid, Peter and Churchill, Steven E and de Ruiter, Darryl J and Roberts, Eric M and Hilbert-Wolf, Hannah and Garvin, Heather M and Williams, Scott A and Delezene, Lucas K and Feuerriegel, Elen M and Randolph-Quinney, Patrick and Kivell, Tracy L. and Laird, Myra F and Tawane, Gaokgatlhe and DeSilva, Jeremy M and Bailey, Shara E. and Brophy, Juliet K and Meyer, Marc R and Skinner, Matthew M. and Tocheri, Matthew W and VanSickle, Caroline and Walker, Christopher S and Campbell, Timothy L and Kuhn, Brian and Kruger, Ashley and Tucker, Steven and Gurtov, Alia and Hlophe, Nompumelelo and Hunter, Rick and Morris, Hannah and Peixotto, Becca and Ramalepa, Maropeng and van Rooyen, Dirk and Tsikoane, Mathabela and Boshoff, Pedro and Dirks, Paul HGM and Berger, Lee R (2017) New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa. eLife, . ISSN 2050-084X. (doi:https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.24232) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.24232

Abstract

The Rising Star cave system has produced abundant fossil hominin remains within the Dinaledi Chamber, representing a minimum of 15 individuals attributed to Homo naledi. Further exploration led to the discovery of hominin material, now comprising 131 hominin specimens, within a second chamber, the Lesedi Chamber. The Lesedi Chamber is far separated from the Dinaledi Chamber within the Rising Star cave system, and represents a second depositional context for hominin remains. In each of three collection areas within the Lesedi Chamber, diagnostic skeletal material allows a clear attribution to H. naledi. Both adult and immature material is present. The hominin remains represent at least three individuals based upon duplication of elements, but more individuals are likely present based upon the spatial context. The most significant specimen is the near-complete cranium of a large individual, designated LES1, with an endocranial volume of approximately 610 ml and associated postcranial remains. The Lesedi Chamber skeletal sample extends our knowledge of the morphology and variation of H. naledi, and evidence of H. naledi from both recovery localities shows a consistent pattern of differentiation from other hominin species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Tracy Kivell
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 11:29 UTC
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 12:40 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61664 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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