Non-intrusive Characterisation of Particle Cluster Behaviours in a Riser through Electrostatic and Vibration Sensing

Sun, Jingyuan, Yan, Yong (2017) Non-intrusive Characterisation of Particle Cluster Behaviours in a Riser through Electrostatic and Vibration Sensing. Chemical Engineering Journal, 323 (1). pp. 381-395. ISSN 1385-8947. (doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.04.082)

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Abstract

Particle clusters are important mesoscale flow structures in gas-solid circulating fluidised beds (CFBs). An electrostatic sensing system and two accelerometers are installed on the riser of a CFB test rig to collect signals simultaneously. Cross correlation, Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), V-statistic analysis, and wavelet transform are applied for signal identification and cluster characterisation near the wall. Solids velocities are obtained through cross correlation. Non-stationary and non-linear characteristics are distinctly exhibited in the Hilbert spectra of the electrostatic and vibration signals, and the cluster dynamic behaviours are represented by the energy distributions of the signal intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). The cycle feature and main cycle frequency of cluster motion are characterised through V-statistic analysis of the vibration signals. Consistent characteristic information about particle clusters is extracted from the electrostatic and vibration signals. Furthermore, a cluster identification criterion for electrostatic signals is proposed, including a fixed and a wavelet dynamic thresholds, based on which the cluster time fraction, average cluster duration time, cluster frequency, and average cluster vertical size are quantified. Especially, the cluster frequency obtained from this criterion agrees well with that from the aforementioned V-statistic analysis. Results from this 3 work provide a new non-intrusive approach to the characterisation of cluster dynamic behaviours and their effects on the flow field.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.04.082
Uncontrolled keywords: Riser; Electrostatic sensing; Vibration sensing; Fluctuation signal processing; Cluster characteristic parameter
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Faculties > Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts > Instrumentation, Control and Embedded Systems
Depositing User: Yong Yan
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2017 14:14 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61553 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Yan, Yong: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7135-5456
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