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Anthropology, Social and Cultural

Pina-Cabral, Joao (2018) Anthropology, Social and Cultural. In: Callan, Hilary, ed. The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley, United States. ISBN 978-0-470-65722-5. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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The roots of anthropology, as the scientific examination of the human condition, are truly ancient, but its emergence as a separate discipline is associated with the globalization that accompanied the modern era. This entry begins by outlining the roots of modern anthropology and then moves to the end of the nineteenth century, when Darwinian influence led to the growth of academic anthropology. After that, it focuses on the development of ethnographic methodology as the distinctive form of empirical engagement in the discipline. Subsequently, the entry outlines the theoretical development of social and cultural anthropology during the twentieth century and the way in which this came to a moment of decisive crisis in the early 1970s. Finally, it argues that anthropology came to find a renewed identity in the dawning of the twenty-first century, after returning to a concern with action and away from the concern with text that had accompanied the passing of the postcolonial period.

Item Type: Book section
Uncontrolled keywords: anthropology, social anthropology, cultural anthropology, Malinowski, Boas
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Social and Cultural Anthropology
Depositing User: Joao Pina-Cabral
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2017 12:27 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 18:56 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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