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Disrupting the cortical actin cytoskeleton points to two distinct mechanisms of yeast [PSI+] prion formation

Speldewinde, Shaun H., Doronina, Victoria A., Tuite, Mick F., Grant, Chris M. (2017) Disrupting the cortical actin cytoskeleton points to two distinct mechanisms of yeast [PSI+] prion formation. PLOS Genetics, 13 (4). e1006708. ISSN 1553-7404. E-ISSN 1553-7404. (doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1006708) (KAR id:61274)

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Abstract

Mammalian and fungal prions arise de novo; however, the mechanism is poorly understood in molecular terms. One strong possibility is that oxidative damage to the non-prion form of a protein may be an important trigger influencing the formation of its heritable prion conformation. We have examined the oxidative stress-induced formation of the yeast [PSI+] prion, which is the altered conformation of the Sup35 translation termination factor. We used tandem affinity purification (TAP) and mass spectrometry to identify the proteins which associate with Sup35 in a tsa1 tsa2 antioxidant mutant to address the mechanism by which Sup35 forms the [PSI+] prion during oxidative stress conditions. This analysis identified several components of the cortical actin cytoskeleton including the Abp1 actin nucleation promoting factor, and we show that deletion of the ABP1 gene abrogates oxidant-induced [PSI+] prion formation. The frequency of spontaneous [PSI+] prion formation can be increased by overexpression of Sup35 since the excess Sup35 increases the probability of forming prion seeds. In contrast to oxidant-induced [PSI+] prion formation, overexpression-induced [PSI+] prion formation was only modestly affected in an abp1 mutant. Furthermore, treating yeast cells with latrunculin A to disrupt the formation of actin cables and patches abrogated oxidant-induced, but not overexpression-induced [PSI+] prion formation, suggesting a mechanistic difference in prion formation. [PIN+], the prion form of Rnq1, localizes to the IPOD (insoluble protein deposit) and is thought to influence the aggregation of other proteins. We show Sup35 becomes oxidized and aggregates during oxidative stress conditions, but does not co-localize with Rnq1 in an abp1 mutant which may account for the reduced frequency of [PSI+] prion formation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006708
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Sue Davies
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 09:26 UTC
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 03:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61274 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Tuite, Mick F.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5214-540X
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