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Ties in Gangs: Exploration of Perceived Group Processes in Gang Membership

Mozova, Katarina (2017) Ties in Gangs: Exploration of Perceived Group Processes in Gang Membership. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (KAR id:61260)

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Abstract

Gang membership is a global phenomenon and a problem affecting a multitude of official and unofficial agencies, often reported by the media and causing overwhelming financial strain, as well as increasing fear of crime in communities. Whilst research on gangs has enjoyed popularity for almost a century now, this was mostly based on a criminological perspective, which did not provide a holistic picture for practitioners. Specifically, little is known about the psychology of gang membership, as such research is still in its infancy. Moreover, calls for understanding the social psychological motives for gang membership - such as gang members' perceptions of group processes, and how these influence individuals - have been present for the last 50 years but development in the area has been limited.

This thesis therefore uncovered that the area of social cognition based on group processes is important. The main conclusions drawn from the studies presented in this PhD are: 1) Group processes manifest in gangs and are perceived in a specific manner. 2) The perception of group processes differ in gangs and other delinquent groups, and between different types of gang members. 3) There are specific clusters of perceived group processes which characterise specific types of groups and at different stages of membership - group processes should not be dealt with in isolation. 4) The findings show that how gang members perceive group processes should be a key consideration in future research and any intervention strategies designed for gang members.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Wood, Jane
Thesis advisor: Gannon, Theresa
Uncontrolled keywords: forensic psychology, street gangs, group processes, social psychology, identity, cohesion, embeddedness, social comparison, social influence, social facilitation, decision making, group performance, power, roles, status, territoriality, social dominance, social exchange, reciprocity, norms, goals, interdependency, belongingness, social support
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2017 17:00 UTC
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 03:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61260 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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