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Why social values cannot be changed for the sake of conservation

Manfredo, Michael J., Bruskotter, Jeremy T., Teel, Tara L., Fulton, David, Schwartz, Shalom H., Arlinghaus, Robert, Oishi, Shigehiro, Uskul, Ayse K., Redford, Kent, Kitayama, Shinobu, and others. (2017) Why social values cannot be changed for the sake of conservation. Conservation Biology, 31 (4). pp. 772-780. ISSN 0888-8892. E-ISSN 1523-1739. (doi:10.1111/cobi.12855) (KAR id:60967)

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The hope for creating widespread change in social values has endured among conservation professionals since early calls by Aldo Leopold for a “land ethic.” However, there has been little serious attention in conservation to the fields of investigation that address values, how they are formed, and how they change. We introduce a social–ecological systems conceptual approach in which values are seen not only as motivational goals people hold but also as ideas that are deeply embedded in society’s material culture, collective behaviors, traditions, and institutions. Values define and bind groups, organizations, and societies; serve an adaptive role; and are typically stable across generations. When abrupt value changes occur, they are in response to substantial alterations in the social–ecological context. Such changes build on prior value structures and do not result in complete replacement. Given this understanding of values, we conclude that deliberate efforts to orchestrate value shifts for conservation are unlikely to be effective. Instead, there is an urgent need for research on values with a multilevel and dynamic view that can inform innovative conservation strategies for working within existing value structures. New directions facilitated by a systems approach will enhance understanding of the role values play in shaping conservation challenges and improve management of the human component of conservation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/cobi.12855
Uncontrolled keywords: cultural adaptation, multilevel analysis, social–ecological systems, social stability, value shift
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Ayse Uskul
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 12:46 UTC
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 11:03 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Uskul, Ayse K.:
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