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Geochemical Methods for Sourcing Lava Paving Stones from the Roman roads of Central Italy

Laurence, Ray (2017) Geochemical Methods for Sourcing Lava Paving Stones from the Roman roads of Central Italy. Archaeometry, 59 (6). pp. 1000-1017. ISSN 0003-813X. E-ISSN 1475-4754. (doi:10.1111/arcm.12321)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12321

Abstract

This paper documents the results of in situ analysis of 306 lava paving stones and 74 possible source rocks using pXRF. Data were collected from sites both in the city of Rome—on major roads beyond the city (including the Viae Flaminia, Cassia, Clodia, Praenestina and Appia)—and in the city of Ostia. Comparison of the pXRF data with lava compositional data from the geological literature allows broad identification of possible sources. The results point to quite distinctive patterns of exploitation for the city of Rome and Ostia, utilizing the Alban Hills lava flows, and the roads of the middle Tiber Valley, drawing on lava flows associated with the Vico and Sabatini volcanoes. The results show the potential of pXRF to produce data to elucidate the exploitation of lava flows for paving the Roman roads.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/arcm.12321
Uncontrolled keywords: Classical and Archaeological Studies, ancient Roman, paving stones, Roman roads material, provenance, volcanic rocks, trace elements, pXRF, HHpXRF
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > Classical and Archaeological Studies
Depositing User: R. Laurence
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 13:58 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2020 12:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/60670 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Laurence, Ray: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8229-1053
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