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Epidemiology of herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 in Italy: a seroprevalence study over 15 years

Marchi, Serena, Trombetta, Claudia, Gasparini, Roberto, Temperton, Nigel J., Montomoli, Emanuele (2017) Epidemiology of herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 in Italy: a seroprevalence study over 15 years. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 58 (1). ISSN 1121-2233. E-ISSN 2421-4248. (doi:10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2017.58.1.686)

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Abstract

Introduction: Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are among the most widespread causative agents of human viral infections. HSV-2 is one of the commonest causes of genital disease, while HSV-1 is associated primarily with orolabial ulceration; however, recent changes in HSV epidemiology showed an increase in genital and neonatal herpes particularly caused by HSV-1. The main purpose of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of HSV-1 and HSV-2 in a random population in Siena (central Italy) in 2000, 2005 and 2013-2014 and in Bari (southern Italy) in 2005. Moreover, a preliminary study was conducted to investigate the spread of HSV infection in a population of pregnant women and infants in Bari in 2003, 2004 and 2005. Methods: Human serum samples were tested for the presence of specific anti-HSV-1 and anti-HSV-2 IgG antibodies using a commercially available ELISA test. Results and conclusions: For the primary purpose, seroprevalence rates observed in Siena were compared over the years sampled and with the seroprevalence rate found in Bari. Results of seroprevalence in Siena show a decreased trend for both viruses, especially in adolescents and young adults; moreover, HSV-2 seroprevalence rates found in the two cities suggest geographical differences. For the secondary purpose, prevalence rates among pregnant women were compared with the seroprevalence found in women of the general population. No significant difference in prevalence rates were found among pregnant women, while results indicate both viruses are a source of infection in infants.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2017.58.1.686
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Nigel Temperton
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 12:10 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 18:38 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/60233 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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