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Alcohol Consumption, Early-Onset Drinking, and Health-Related Consequences in Adolescents Presenting at Emergency Departments in England

Donaghue, Kim, Rose, Hannah, Boniface, Sadie, Deluca, Paolo, Coulton, Simon, Fasihul Alam, M., Gilvarry, Eilish, Kaner, Eileen, Lynch, Ellen, Maconochie, Ian, and others. (2017) Alcohol Consumption, Early-Onset Drinking, and Health-Related Consequences in Adolescents Presenting at Emergency Departments in England. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60 (4). pp. 438-446. ISSN 1054-139X. (doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.017)

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Abstract

Purpose: Globally, alcohol use is the leading cause of ill health and life years lost in adolescents, although its clinical impact is often overlooked, particularly in England where most research is based in schools. This study aims to examine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the association between alcohol consumption and age of onset with health and social consequences among adolescents presenting to emergency departments (EDs).

Results: Nearly 40% of adolescents reported the consumption of alcohol that was more than a sip in their lifetime. Age of the first alcohol consumption before the age of 15 years was associated with tobacco use (p < .001), lower quality of life (p = .003), and evidence of an alcohol use disorder (p = .002). It was also associated with general social functioning (problems with conduct p = .001 and hyperactivity p = .001) and alcohol-related health and social consequences (accident p = .046, problems with a parent p = .017, school p = .0117, or police p = .012).

Conclusions: Rates of alcohol consumption in adolescents presenting to the ED were similar to those reported in schools in England and globally. Associations of alcohol consumption and earlier onset of drinking with poorer health and social functioning were observed. The ED can offer an opportunity for the identification of hazardous alcohol use in adolescents.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.017
Uncontrolled keywords: Alcohol use; Social functioning; Adolescents; Emergency department; Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Simon Coulton
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 16:07 UTC
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 04:09 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/59972 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Coulton, Simon: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7704-3274
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