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Implications of an Economic Theory of Conflict: Hindu-Muslim Violence in India

Mitra, Anirban, Ray, Debraj (2014) Implications of an Economic Theory of Conflict: Hindu-Muslim Violence in India. Journal of Political Economy, 122 (4). pp. 719-765. ISSN 0022-3808. E-ISSN 1537-534X. (doi:10.1086/676316) (KAR id:59850)

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We model intergroup conflict driven by economic changes within groups. We show that if group incomes are low, increasing group incomes raises violence against that group and lowers violence generated by it. We then apply the model to data on Hindu-Muslim violence in India. Our main result is that an increase in per capita Muslim expenditures generates a large and significant increase in future religious conflict. An increase in Hindu expenditures has a negative or no effect. These findings speak to the origins of Hindu-Muslim violence in post-Independence India.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1086/676316
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Anirban Mitra
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2017 08:02 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 15:24 UTC
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Mitra, Anirban:
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