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Age differences in physiological responses to self-paced and incremental \(\dot V O_{2max}\) testing

Jenkins, L.A., Mauger, Alexis R., Hopker, James G. (2017) Age differences in physiological responses to self-paced and incremental \(\dot V O_{2max}\) testing. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 . pp. 159-170. ISSN 1439-6319. E-ISSN 1439-6327. (doi:10.1007/s00421-016-3508-6) (KAR id:59652)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3508-6

Abstract

Purpose: A self-paced maximal exercise protocol has demonstrated higher \(\dot V O_{2max}\) values when compared against traditional tests. The aim was to compare physiological responses to this self-paced \(\dot V O_{2max}\) protocol (SPV) in comparison to a traditional ramp \(\dot V O_{2max}\) (RAMP) protocol in young (18–30 years) and old (50–75 years) participants. Methods: Forty-four participants (22 young; 22 old) completed both protocols in a randomised, counter-balanced, crossover design. The SPV included 5 × 2 min stages, participants were able to self-regulate their power output (PO) by using incremental ‘clamps’ in ratings of perceived exertion. The RAMP consisted of either 15 or 20 W min\(^{−1}\). Results: Expired gases, cardiac output (Q), stroke volume (SV), muscular deoxyhaemoglobin (deoxyHb) and electromyography (EMG) at the vastus lateralis were recorded throughout. Results demonstrated significantly higher \(\dot V O_{2max}\) in the SPV (49.68 ± 10.26 ml kg\(^{−1}\) min\(^{−1}\)) vs. the RAMP (47.70 ± 9.98 ml kg\(^{−1}\) min\(^{−1}\)) in the young, but not in the old group (>0.05). Q and SV were significantly higher in the SPV vs. the RAMP in the young (<0.05) but not in the old group (>0.05). No differences seen in deoxyHb and EMG for either age groups (>0.05). Peak PO was significantly higher in the SPV vs. the RAMP in both age groups (<0.05). Conclusion: Findings demonstrate that the SPV produces higher \(\dot V O_{2max}\), peak Q and SV values in the young group. However, older participants achieved similar \(\dot V O_{2max}\) values in both protocols, mostly likely due to age-related differences in cardiovascular responses to incremental exercise, despite them achieving a higher physiological workload in the SPV.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s00421-016-3508-6
Uncontrolled keywords: RPE; Maximal exercise; Cardiac output; Pacing
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1235 Physiology of sports
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: James Hopker
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2016 20:32 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:40 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/59652 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Mauger, Alexis R.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6685-5800
Hopker, James G.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4786-7037
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