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Imagining counterfactual worlds in autism spectrum disorder

Black, J., Williams, David M., Ferguson, Heather J. (2018) Imagining counterfactual worlds in autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44 (9). pp. 1444-1463. ISSN 0278-7393. E-ISSN 1939-1285. (doi:10.1037/xlm0000500)

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Abstract

Two experiments are presented which explore online counterfactual processing in autism

while they read factual and counterfactual sentences in an anomaly detection task. In

remembered her umbrella, her hair would have been dry/wet when she arrived home).

Titanic had not hit an iceberg, it would have survived/sunk along with all the passengers).

adults with ASD. In fact, participants with ASD were faster than TD participants to detect

comparable for TD and ASD groups when understanding could be grounded in knowledge

responding to and recovering from counterfactual inconsistent words. These data argue

against general difficulties in global coherence and complex integration in ASD.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/xlm0000500
Uncontrolled keywords: Counterfactual reasoning, autism, eye-tracking, reading, anomaly detection
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Heather Ferguson
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2016 09:56 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 04:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/59626 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Ferguson, Heather J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1575-4820
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