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Cortical bone mapping: An application to hand and foot bones in hominoids

Tsegai, Zewdi J., Stephens, Nicholas B., Treece, Graham, Skinner, Matthew M., Kivell, Tracy L., Gee, Andrew (2016) Cortical bone mapping: An application to hand and foot bones in hominoids. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 16 (5-6). pp. 690-701. ISSN 1631-0683. (doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2016.11.001)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2016.11.001

Abstract

Bone form reflects both the genetic profile and behavioural history of an individual. As cortical bone is able to remodel in response to mechanical stimuli, interspecific differences in cortical bone thickness may relate to loading during locomotion or manual behaviours during object manipulation. Here, we test the application of a novel method of cortical bone mapping to the third metacarpal (Mc3) and talus of Pan, Pongo, and Homo. This method of analysis allows measurement of cortical thickness throughout the bone, and as such is applicable to elements with complex morphology. In addition, it allows for registration of each specimen to a canonical surface, and identifies regions where cortical thickness differs significantly between groups. Cortical bone mapping has potential for application to palaeoanthropological studies; however, due to the complexity of correctly registering homologous regions across varied morphology, further methodological development would be advantageous.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.crpv.2016.11.001
Uncontrolled keywords: Cortex, Cortical thickness measurement, Behavioural reconstruction, Morphometric maps, Hominoid
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Tracy Kivell
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2016 15:00 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 10:41 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/58865 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Skinner, Matthew M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8321-3543
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