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The topographies and operant functions of challenging behaviours in Fragile X Syndrome: a systematic review and analysis of existing data

Hardiman, R., McGill, P. (2016) The topographies and operant functions of challenging behaviours in Fragile X Syndrome: a systematic review and analysis of existing data. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 42 (2). pp. 190-203. ISSN 1366-8250. E-ISSN 1469-9532. (doi:10.3109/13668250.2016.1225952)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13668250.2016.1225952

Abstract

Background: Challenging behaviour, such as self-injury and physical aggression, is an issue of concern regarding a high proportion of individuals with fragile X syndrome. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive overview of the topographies and operant functions of challenging behaviours within the syndrome. Method: Five electronic databases were searched, identifying 18 manuscripts. Overall proportions of individuals with particular topographies of behaviour, or behaviour serving different functions, were calculated. Results: Across all participants, biting was the most common form of self-injury for males but not females. A pattern of behavioural function was observed, characterised by high levels of social-negative reinforcement, such as escape from demands. Conclusion: The existence of within-syndrome biases in the manifestation of behavioural challenges is supported by our review

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3109/13668250.2016.1225952
Uncontrolled keywords: Challenging Behaviour, Behavioural Phenotype, Fragile X Syndrome, Self Injurious Behaviour, Applied Behaviour Analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Peter McGill
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2016 14:59 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 18:07 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/58341 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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