Self-employment amongst migrant groups: New evidence for England and Wales

Clark, Ken and Drinkwater, Stephen and Robinson, Catherine (2016) Self-employment amongst migrant groups: New evidence for England and Wales. Small Business Economics: An Entrepreneurship Journal, . ISSN 0921-898X. E-ISSN 1573-0913. (doi: (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Self-employment constitutes a vital part of the economy since entrepreneurs can provide employment not only for themselves but also for others. The link between self-employment and immigration is, however, complex, especially given the changing nature of self-employment. We investigate the evolving relationship between self-employment and immigration using recently released microdata from the 2011 Census for England and Wales. Our findings indicate large variations, with high self-employment rates observed for some groups with a long established history of migration to the UK (especially men born in Pakistan) and also for some groups who have arrived more recently (such as from the EU’s new member states). We further explore the differences, analyse variations by gender and identify key determining factors. In addition to certain socio-economic characteristics, it is found that migration-related influences, such as English language proficiency and period of arrival in the UK, play an important role for some groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Self-employment Entrepreneurship Immigrants United Kingdom
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Depositing User: Catherine Robinson
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2016 12:01 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2017 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Clark, Ken:
Drinkwater, Stephen:
Robinson, Catherine:
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