Temporally varying natural mortality: Sensitivity of a virtual population analysis and an exploration of alternatives

Allen, Shanae D. and Satterthwaite, William H. and Hankin, David G. and Cole, Diana J. and Mohr, Michael S. (2017) Temporally varying natural mortality: Sensitivity of a virtual population analysis and an exploration of alternatives. Fisheries Research, 185 . pp. 185-197. ISSN 0165-7836. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2016.09.002) (Full text available)

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Abstract

Cohort reconstructions (CR) currently applied in Pacific salmon management estimate temporally variant exploitation, maturation, and juvenile natural mortality rates but require an assumed (typically invariant) adult natural mortality rate (dA), resulting in unknown biases in the remaining vital rates. We explored the sensitivity of CR results to misspecification of the mean and/or variability of dA, as well as the potential to estimate dA directly using models that assumed separable year and age/cohort effects on vital rates (separable cohort reconstruction, SCR). For CR, given the commonly assumed dA = 0.2, the error (RMSE) in estimated vital rates is generally small (? 0.05) when annual values of dA are low to moderate (? 0.4). The greatest absolute errors are in maturation rates, with large relative error in the juvenile survival rate. The ability of CR estimates to track temporal trends in the juvenile natural mortality rate is adequate (Pearson's correlation coefficient > 0.75) except for high dA (? 0.6) and high variability (CV > 0.35). The alternative SCR models allowing estimation of time-varying dA by assuming additive effects in natural mortality, fishing mortality, and/or maturation rates did not outperform CR across all simulated scenarios, and are less accurate when additivity assumptions are violated. Nevertheless an SCR model assuming additive effects on fishing and natural (juvenile and adult) mortality rates led to nearly unbiased estimates of all quantities estimated using CR, along with borderline acceptable estimates of the mean dA under multiple sets of conditions conducive to CR. Adding an assumption of additive effects on the maturation rates allowed nearly unbiased estimates of the mean dA as well. The SCR models performed slightly better than CR when the vital rates covaried as assumed. These separable models could serve as a partial check on the validity of CR assumptions about the adult natural mortality rate, or even a preferred alternative if there is strong reason to believe the vital rates, including juvenile and adult natural mortality rates, covary strongly across years or age classes as assumed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA276 Mathematical statistics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH541 Ecology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science > Statistics
Depositing User: Diana Cole
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2016 09:35 UTC
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 00:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/57589 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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