Current concepts for rehabilitation and return to sport after knee articular cartilage repair in the athlete

Mithoefer, Kai, Hambly, Karen, Logerstedt, David, Ricci, Margherita, Silvers, Holly, Della Villa, Stefano (2012) Current concepts for rehabilitation and return to sport after knee articular cartilage repair in the athlete. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy, 42 (3). pp. 254-273. ISSN 1938-1344. (doi:10.2519/jospt.2012.3665) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

Abstract

Articular cartilage injury is observed with increasing frequency in both elite and amateur athletes and results from the significant acute and chronic joint stress associated with impact sports. Left untreated, articular cartilage defects can lead to chronic joint degeneration and athletic and functional disability. Treatment of articular cartilage defects in the athletic population presents a therapeutic challenge due to the high mechanical demands of athletic activity. Several articular cartilage repair techniques have been shown to successfully restore articular cartilage surfaces and allow athletes to return to high-impact sports. Postoperative rehabilitation is a critical component of the treatment process for athletic articular cartilage injury and should take into consideration the biology of the cartilage repair technique, cartilage defect characteristics, and each athlete's sport-specific demands to optimize functional outcome. Systematic, stepwise rehabilitation with criteria-based progression is recommended for an individualized rehabilitation of each athlete not only to achieve initial return to sport at the preinjury level but also to continue sports participation and reduce risk for reinjury or joint degeneration under the high mechanical demands of athletic activity.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.2519/jospt.2012.3665
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical therapy
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Hambly
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2016 15:41 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/57559 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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