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Judgment of Learning Accuracy in High-functioning Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Grainger, Catherine, Williams, David M., Lind, Sophie E. (2016) Judgment of Learning Accuracy in High-functioning Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46 . pp. 3570-3582. ISSN 0162-3257. E-ISSN 1573-3432. (doi:10.1007/s10803-016-2895-1)

Abstract

This study explored whether adults and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate difficulties making metacognitive judgments, specifically judgments of learning. Across two experiments, the study examined whether individuals with ASD could accurately judge whether they had learnt a piece of information (in this case word pairs). In Experiment 1, adults with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on a standard ‘cue-alone’ judgment of learning (JOL) task, compared to age- and IQmatched neurotypical adults. Additionally, in Experiment 2, adolescents with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on both a standard ‘cue-alone’ JOL task, and a ‘cue-target’ JOL task. These results suggest that JOL accuracy is unimpaired in ASD. These results have important implications for both theories of metacognition in ASD and educational practise.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s10803-016-2895-1
Uncontrolled keywords: Metamemory, Judgment of learning, Theory of mind, Mindreading
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2016 10:16 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:47 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/57097 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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