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Attentional bias towards positive and negative images amongst offenders and non-offenders with intellectual disabilities

Langdon, Peter E., Sadek, S.A., Daniel, M.R. (2016) Attentional bias towards positive and negative images amongst offenders and non-offenders with intellectual disabilities. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 60. p. 794. Wiley-Blackwell (doi:10.1111/jir.12306) (KAR id:57029)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12306

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the study was to examine attentional bias towards positive and negative images amongst men with intellectual disabilities, some of whom had a history of criminal offending. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between attentional bias, empathy and distorted cognitions.

Method: Forty-six men with intellectual disabilities with a history of criminal offending and 51 men with intellectual disabilities without any known history of criminal offending were recruited and invited to complete a dot-probe paradigm using images, as well as measures of distorted cognitions and empathy. Comparisons were made between the two groups.

Results: Non-offenders had a significant attentional bias away from negative images, while offenders had a small attentional bias towards negative images. There was a significant positive relationship between distorted cognitions and an attentional bias towards negative images. There was a significant negative relationship between empathy and an attentional bias towards negative images.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Poster)
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/jir.12306
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Peter Langdon
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2016 11:25 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:36 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/57029 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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