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Development and validation of an ultra?performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry method for rapid quantification of free amino acids in human urine

Joyce, Richard, Kuziene, Viktorija, Zou, Xin, Wang, Xueting, Pullen, Frank, Loo, Ruey Leng (2016) Development and validation of an ultra?performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry method for rapid quantification of free amino acids in human urine. Amino Acids, 48 (1). pp. 219-234. ISSN 1438-2199. (doi:10.1007/s00726-015-2076-0)

Abstract

An ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-qTOFMS)method using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of 18 free amino acids in urine with a total acquisition time including the column re-equilibration of less than 18 min per sample. This method involves simple sample preparation steps which consisted of 15 times dilution with acetonitrile to give a final composition of 25 % aqueous and 75 % acetonitrile without the need of any derivatization. The dynamic range for our calibration curve is approximately two orders of magnitude (120-fold from the lowest calibration curve point) with good linearity (r2 ? 0.995 for all amino acids). Good separation of all amino acids as well as good intra- and inter-day accuracy (<15 %) and precision (<15 %) were observed using three quality control samples at a concentration of low, medium and high range of the calibration curve. The limits of detection (LOD) and lower limit of quantification of our method were ranging from approximately 1–300 nM and 0.01–0.5 µM, respectively. The stability of amino acids in the prepared urine samples was found to be stable for 72 h at 4 °C, after one freeze thaw cycle and for up to 4 weeks at ?80 °C. We have applied this method to quantify the content of 18 free amino acids in 646 urine samples from a dietary intervention study. We were able to quantify all 18 free amino acids in these urine samples, if they were present at a level above the LOD. We found our method to be reproducible (accuracy and precision were typically <10 % for QCL, QCM and QCH) and the relatively high sample throughput nature of this method potentially makes it a suitable alternative for the analysis of urine samples in clinical setting.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s00726-015-2076-0
Uncontrolled keywords: Free amino acids, Human urine, Absolute quantification, HILIC-UPLC-qTOF-MS
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Rueyleng Loo
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2016 11:05 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:29 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55997 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Loo, Ruey Leng: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5307-5709
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