The Structure of Surface Entrance Sites for Li-intercalation into TiO2Nanoparticles, Nanosheets and Mesoporous Architectures with Application for Li-ion Batteries

Matshaba, Malili G., Sayle, Dean C., Sayle, Thi X. T., Ngoepe, Phuti Esrom (2016) The Structure of Surface Entrance Sites for Li-intercalation into TiO2Nanoparticles, Nanosheets and Mesoporous Architectures with Application for Li-ion Batteries. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120 (26). pp. 14001-14008. ISSN 1932-7447. (doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b04770)

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Abstract

Power output is central to the viability of a Li-ion battery, and is, in part, dependent upon the activation energy barrier associated with Li intercalation/deintercalation into the host lattice (electrode). The lower the energy barrier, the faster the intercalation reaction rate and greater the power. The activation energy is governed by the atomistic structure(s) of the entrance sites for Li intercalation. Accordingly, a first step in optimising battery power via structural manipulation of entrance sites, is to understand the structure of these entrance sites. However, HRTEM is (presently) unable to characterise the structures of entrance sites with atomistic resolution. Accordingly, we generate models of the entrance sites using Molecular Dynamics. In particular, we simulate the synthetic protocol used to fabricate nanostructured TiO2 experimentally. The resulting atomistic models reveal a highly complex and diverse structural distribution of entrance sites, which emanate from the surface curvature of the nanostructured material. In particular, we show how nanostructuring can be used to change profoundly the nature and concentration of such entrance sites.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b04770
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD478 Solid State Chemistry
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Dean Sayle
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 09:57 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:27 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55850 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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