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Motivation mediates the perfectionism–burnout relationship: A three-wave longitudinal study with junior athletes

Madigan, Daniel J., Stoeber, Joachim, Passfield, Louis (2016) Motivation mediates the perfectionism–burnout relationship: A three-wave longitudinal study with junior athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38 (4). pp. 341-354. ISSN 0895-2779. E-ISSN 1543-2904. (doi:10.1123/jsep.2015-0238) (KAR id:55720)

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Perfectionism in sports has been shown to predict longitudinal changes in athlete burnout. What mediates these changes over time, however, is still unclear. Adopting a self-determination theory perspective and using a three-wave longitudinal design, the present study examined perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and athlete burnout in 141 junior athletes (mean age 17.3 years) over 6 months of active training. When multilevel structural equation modeling was employed to test a mediational model, a differential pattern of between- and within-person relationships emerged. Whereas autonomous motivation mediated the negative relationship that perfectionistic strivings had with burnout at the between- and within-person level, controlled motivation mediated the positive relationship that perfectionistic concerns had with burnout at the between-person level only. The present findings suggest that differences in autonomous and controlled motivation explain why perfectionism predicts changes in athlete burnout over time.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1123/jsep.2015-0238
Uncontrolled keywords: perfectionism; athlete burnout, longitudinal study; self-determination theory; autonomous motivation; controlled motivation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation. Leisure > Sports sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 13:16 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:35 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Stoeber, Joachim:
Passfield, Louis:
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