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Trial wave functions for ?=(1)/(2)+(1)/(2) quantum Hall bilayers

Möller, Gunnar, Simon, Steven H, Rezayi, Edward H (2009) Trial wave functions for ?=(1)/(2)+(1)/(2) quantum Hall bilayers. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 79 (1). p. 125106. ISSN 0163-1829. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.125106) (KAR id:55528)

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Quantum Hall bilayer systems at filling fractions near $\nu=\half+\half$ undergo a transition from a compressible phase with strong intralayer correlation to an incompressible phase with strong interlayer correlations as the layer separation $d$ is reduced below some critical value. Deep in the intralayer phase (large separation) the system can be interpreted as a fluid of composite fermions (CFs), whereas deep in the interlayer phase (small separation) the system can be interpreted as a fluid of composite bosons (CBs). The focus of this paper is to understand the states that occur for intermediate layer separation by using variational wavefunctions. We consider two main classes of wavefunctions. In the first class, first discussed by PRL {\bf 77}, 3009 (1996), we consider interlayer BCS pairing of two independent CF liquids. We find that these wavefunctions are exceedingly good for $d \gtrsim \ell_0$ with $\ell_0$ the magnetic length. The second class of wavefunctions naturally follows the reasoning of PRL {\bf 91}, 046803 (2003) and generalizes the idea of pairing wavefunctions by allowing the CFs also to be replaced continuously by CBs. This generalization allows us to construct exceedingly good wavefunctions for interlayer spacings of $d \lesssim \ell_0$, as well. The accuracy of the wavefunctions discussed in this work, compared with exact diagonalization, is comparable to that of the celebrated Laughlin wavefunction. We conclude that over a range of $d$ there exists a phase of interlayer BCS-paired composite fermions. At smaller $d$, we find a second order transition to a composite boson liquid, known also as the 111 phase.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.125106
Uncontrolled keywords: Physics of Quantum Materials
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC173.45 Condensed Matter
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Gunnar Moeller
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2017 15:56 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2019 10:39 UTC
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