The science case for an orbital mission to Uranus: Exploring the origins and evolution of ice giant planets

Arridge, C.S. and Achilleos, N. and Agarwal, J. and Agnor, C.B. and Ambrosi, R. and André, N. and Badman, S.V. and Baines, K. and Banfield, D. and Barthélémy, M. and Bisi, M.M. and Blum, J. and Bocanegra-Bahamon, T. and Bonfond, B. and Bracken, C. and Brandt, P. and Briand, C. and Briois, C. and Brooks, S. and Castillo-Rogez, J. and Cavalié, T. and Christophe, B. and Coates, A.J. and Collinson, G. and Cooper, J.F. and Costa-Sitja, M. and Courtin, R. and Daglis, I.A. and De Pater, I. and Desai, M. and Dirkx, D. and Dougherty, M.K. and Ebert, R.W. and Filacchione, G. and Fletcher, L.N. and Fortney, J. and Gerth, I. and Grassi, D. and Grodent, D. and Grün, E. and Gustin, J. and Hedman, M. and Helled, R. and Henri, P. and Hess, S. and Hillier, Jon K. and Hofstadter, M.H. and Holme, R. and Horanyi, M. and Hospodarsky, G. and Hsu, S. and Irwin, P. and Jackman, C.M. and Karatekin, O. and Kempf, S. and Khalisi, E. and Konstantinidis, K. and Krüger, H. and Kurth, W.S. and Labrianidis, C. and Lainey, V. and Lamy, L.L. and Laneuville, M. and Lucchesi, D. and Luntzer, A. and MacArthur, J. and Maier, A. and Masters, A. and McKenna-Lawlor, S. and Melin, H. and Milillo, A. and Moragas-Klostermeyer, G. and Morschhauser, A. and Moses, J.I. and Mousis, O. and Nettelmann, N. and Neubauer, F.M. and Nordheim, T. and Noyelles, B. and Orton, G.S. and Owens, M. and Peron, R. and Plainaki, C. and Postberg, F. and Rambaux, N. and Retherford, K. and Reynaud, S. and Roussos, E. and Russell, C.T. and Rymer, A.M. and Sallantin, R. and Sánchez-Lavega, A. and Santolik, O. and Saur, J. and Sayanagi, K.M. and Schenk, P. and Schubert, J. and Sergis, N. and Sittler, E.C. and Smith, A. and Spahn, F. and Srama, R. and Stallard, T. and Sterken, V. and Sternovsky, Z. and Tiscareno, M. and Tobie, G. and Tosi, F. and Trieloff, M. and Turrini, D. and Turtle, E.P. and Vinatier, S. and Wilson, R. and Zarka, P. (2014) The science case for an orbital mission to Uranus: Exploring the origins and evolution of ice giant planets. Planetary and Space Science, 104 (PA). pp. 122-140. ISSN 0032-0633. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2014.08.009) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2014.08.009

Abstract

Giant planets helped to shape the conditions we see in the Solar System today and they account for more than 99% of the mass of the Sun's planetary system. They can be subdivided into the Ice Giants (Uranus and Neptune) and the Gas Giants (Jupiter and Saturn), which differ from each other in a number of fundamental ways. Uranus, in particular is the most challenging to our understanding of planetary formation and evolution, with its large obliquity, low self-luminosity, highly asymmetrical internal field, and puzzling internal structure. Uranus also has a rich planetary system consisting of a system of inner natural satellites and complex ring system, five major natural icy satellites, a system of irregular moons with varied dynamical histories, and a highly asymmetrical magnetosphere. Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have explored Uranus, with a flyby in 1986, and no mission is currently planned to this enigmatic system. However, a mission to the uranian system would open a new window on the origin and evolution of the Solar System and would provide crucial information on a wide variety of physicochemical processes in our Solar System. These have clear implications for understanding exoplanetary systems. In this paper we describe the science case for an orbital mission to Uranus with an atmospheric entry probe to sample the composition and atmospheric physics in Uranus' atmosphere. The characteristics of such an orbiter and a strawman scientific payload are described and we discuss the technical challenges for such a mission. This paper is based on a white paper submitted to the European Space Agency's call for science themes for its large-class mission programme in 2013. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Planet. Space Sci. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, London, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Centre for Planetary Science at UCL/Birkbeck, London, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - ESTEC, European Space Agency, Netherlands [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Space Research Centre, University of Leicester, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - IRAP, Toulouse, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - ISAS, JAXA, Japan [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics, Lancaster University, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Cornell, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IPAG, Grenoble, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Technical University, Braunschweig, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Delft University of Technology, Netherlands [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Université de Liège, Belgium [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - LESIA, L'Observatoire de Paris, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - LPC2E, CNRS, Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - ONERA, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - ESAC, European Space Agency, Netherlands [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics, University of Athens, Greece [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of California, Berkeley, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics, Imperial College London, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - INAF-IAPS Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Rome, Italy [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics, University of Oxford, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of California Santa Cruz, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - LASP, University of Colorado, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - LATMOS, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Heidelberg University, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Liverpool, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Iowa, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Royal Observatory of Belgium, Belgium [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Stuttgart, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Universität der Bundeswehr München, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - UTesat-Spacecom GmbH, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - IMCCE-Observatoire de Paris, UPMC, Université Lille 1, 77 Av. Denfert-Rochereau, Paris, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Vienna, Austria [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Science, Austria [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Space Technology Ireland, National University of Ireland, Ireland [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - DLR, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Space Science Institute, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Observatoire de Besançon, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Cologne, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Namur, Belgium [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Reading, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UPMC, Paris 06, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, CNRS, UMPC, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of the Basque Country, Spain [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Prague, Czech Republic [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Hampton UniversityVA, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Lunar and Planetary Institute, University of Arizona, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Office for Space Research and Technology, Academy of Athens, Greece [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Potsdam, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - LPG, CNRS - Université de Nantes, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - CNRS, IPAG, Grenoble, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints] M3 - Conference Paper [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: Atmosphere, Magnetosphere, Natural satellites, Planetary interior, Rings, Uranus, Earth atmosphere, Geophysics, Interplanetary flight, Magnetosphere, Orbits, Planets, Rings (components), Sun, Atmospheric physics, European Space Agency, Natural satellites, Physicochemical process, Planetary formation, Planetary interiors, Technical challenges, Uranus, Satellites
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB651 Planets, Minor
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Centre for Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences
Depositing User: Giles Tarver
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 11:07 UTC
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 09:28 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55355 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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