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Unpacking the People–Biodiversity Paradox: A Conceptual Framework

Pett, Tristan J., Shwartz, Assaf, Irvine, Katherine N., Dallimer, Martin, Davies, Zoe G. (2016) Unpacking the People–Biodiversity Paradox: A Conceptual Framework. Bioscience, 66 (7). pp. 576-583. ISSN 0006-3568. E-ISSN 1525-3244. (doi:10.1093/biosci/biw036)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw036

Abstract

Global phenomena, including urbanization, agricultural intensification, and biotic homogenization, have led to extensive ecosystem degradation, species extinctions, and, consequently, a reduction in biodiversity. However, although it is now widely asserted in the research, policy, and practice arenas that interacting with nature is fundamental to human health and well-being, there is a paucity of nuanced evidence characterizing how the living components of nature, biodiversity, play a role in this accepted truth. Understanding these human–biodiversity relationships is essential if the conservation agenda is to be aligned successfully with that of public health by policymakers and practitioners. Here, we show that an apparent “people–biodiversity paradox” is emerging from the literature, comprising a mismatch between (a) people’s biodiversity preferences and how these inclinations relate to personal subjective well-being and (b) the limited ability of individuals to accurately perceive the biodiversity surrounding them. In addition, we present a conceptual framework for understanding the complexity underpinning human–biodiversity interactions.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/biosci/biw036
Uncontrolled keywords: conservation biology, cultural ecosystem services, green space, human well-being, nature
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Zoe Davies
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 16:13 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55128 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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