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Shorter sentences for drug mules: The early impact of the sentencing guidelines in England and Wales

Fleetwood, Jennifer, Radcliffe, Polly, Stevens, Alex (2015) Shorter sentences for drug mules: The early impact of the sentencing guidelines in England and Wales. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 22 (5). pp. 428-436. ISSN 0968-7637. E-ISSN 1465-3370. (doi:10.3109/09687637.2015.1011607) (KAR id:55092)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2015.1011607

Abstract

In February 2012, new sentencing guidelines for drug offences became effective in all courts in England and Wales. An explicit aim was to reduce the length of sentences for drug ‘mules’ and so make them more proportionate. This article examines their early impact drawing on data from the Court Proceedings Database and the Crown Court Sentencing Survey for importing/exporting a Class A drug. Overall, the guidelines have achieved their intended aim. The length of the average custodial sentence for drug trafficking fell following the introduction of the guidelines, largely due to taking defendants’ roles into account. Notably: three quarters of those in ‘lesser’ roles received sentences less than four years, representing an important change. Nonetheless, around 10% of mules received very long sentences due to the continued use of drug weight in sentencing. The new guidelines represent an internationally important innovation in drug policy reform.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3109/09687637.2015.1011607
Uncontrolled keywords: proportionality, drug mules, sentencing guidelines, Crown Court Sentencing Survey
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Lisa Towers
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2016 11:10 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:34 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55092 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Stevens, Alex: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4878-3871
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