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Youth Cultures in the Mixed Economy of Welfare: Youth Clubs and Voluntary Associations in South London and Liverpool 1958-1985

Clements, Charlotte (2016) Youth Cultures in the Mixed Economy of Welfare: Youth Clubs and Voluntary Associations in South London and Liverpool 1958-1985. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (KAR id:54856)


Young people in post-war Britain have grown up in a context of fast-paced change and constant attention; from transformation in state welfare in the 1940s and 1950s, concern about delinquent and subcultural youth in the 1960s and 1970s, and the consequences of recession and youth unemployment in the 1980s. Youth clubs at this time provided a space where young people could figure out myriad influences on their lives and emerging identities.

This research set out to establish the full range of roles that youth clubs and their membership associations had in the post-war period and how they linked with other forms of voluntarism, welfare and youth provision. Additionally, this research wanted to look at how youth clubs fitted into the lives of young people at a time when their leisure and cultural pursuits were the subject of much scrutiny.

Youth voluntary organisations were central to networks of youth welfare in London and Liverpool. By looking at how these organisations operated and their relationship with the state, this thesis establishes that voluntary youth clubs were on the frontier of the mixed economy of welfare. They were dynamic in the face of social change and effective in accommodating and responding to the cultural needs of the young consumer in the post-war period.

The research presented here contributes to debates about civil society and the making of citizens. It aids understanding of how the category of youth has been constructed and used in wider society in the post-war period. It also adds to our understanding of what welfare provision has looked like and the boundaries between different types of provision. This in turn informs contemporary discussion of who should provide youth and wider welfare services and what forms this should take.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Bradley, Kate
Thesis advisor: Hubbard, Philip
Thesis advisor: Kendall, Jeremy
Uncontrolled keywords: youth young person teenager youth club boys' club girls' club mixed club' voluntary association London Federation of Boys' Clubs London Union of Youth Clubs Liverpool Boys' Association Liverpool Union of Youth Clubs Merseyside Youth Association welfare mixed economy of welfare welfare state urban youth culture subculture consumer juvenile delinquent working class post war twentieth century Britain contemporary British history youth movement community activism youth work youth worker professionalisation professionalization informal education social history social policy black youth girls' work unemployment 1960s 1980s 1970s
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2016 11:00 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:14 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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