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Metacognitive monitoring and control processes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Diminished judgement of confidence accuracy

Grainger, Catherine, Williams, David M., Lind, Sophie E. (2016) Metacognitive monitoring and control processes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Diminished judgement of confidence accuracy. Consciousness and Cognition, 42 . pp. 65-74. ISSN 1053-8100. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.03.003)

Abstract

Metacognition consists of monitoring processes (the ability to accurately represent one’s own mental states) and control processes (the ability to control one’s cognitive processes effectively). Both processes play vital roles in self-regulated learning. However, currently it is unclear whether these processes are impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study aimed to assess metacognition in thirty-two children with ASD, and 30 IQ/age-matched neurotypical children, using a judgment-of-confidence task. The results found that children with ASD showed diminished accuracy in their judgments-of-confidence, indicating metacognitive monitoring impairments in ASD. Children with ASD also used monitoring to influence control processes significantly less than comparison participants, despite little evidence of impairments in overall control ability.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.03.003
Uncontrolled keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); Metacognition; Self-awareness; Judgments-of-confidence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 09:57 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54548 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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