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Understanding Urban Demand for Wild Meat in Vietnam: Implications for Conservation Actions

Shairp, Rachel, Verissimo, Diogo, Fraser, Iain, Challender, Daniel, MacMillan, Douglas C. (2016) Understanding Urban Demand for Wild Meat in Vietnam: Implications for Conservation Actions. PloS One, 11 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1932-6203. E-ISSN 1932-6203. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0134787)

Abstract

Vietnam is a significant consumer of wildlife, particularly wild meat, in urban restaurant settings. To meet this demand, poaching of wildlife is widespread, threatening regional and international biodiversity. Previous interventions to tackle illegal and potentially unsustainable consumption of wild meat in Vietnam have generally focused on limiting supply. While critical, they have been impeded by a lack of resources, the presence of increasingly organised criminal networks and corruption. Attention is, therefore, turning to the consumer, but a paucity of research investigating consumer demand for wild meat will impede the creation of effective consumer-centred interventions. Here we used a mixed-methods research approach comprising a hypothetical choice modelling survey and qualitative interviews to explore the drivers of wild meat consumption and consumer preferences among residents of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Our findings indicate that demand for wild meat is heterogeneous and highly context specific. Wild-sourced, rare, and expensive wild meat-types are eaten by those situated towards the top of the societal hierarchy to convey wealth and status and are commonly consumed in lucrative business contexts. Cheaper, legal and farmed substitutes for wild-sourced meats are also consumed, but typically in more casual consumption or social drinking settings. We explore the implications of our results for current conservation interventions in Vietnam that attempt to tackle illegal and potentially unsustainable trade in and consumption of wild meat and detail how our research informs future consumer-centric conservation actions.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134787
Uncontrolled keywords: pangolin, illegal wildlife trade, VietNam, bushmeat consumption, stated preference approaches
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Douglas MacMillan
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 11:34 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:04 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54462 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
MacMillan, Douglas C.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2573-5049
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