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Raising Successful Offspring by Chinese Middle-Class Parents: A Sociocultural Approach to the Study of Class Reproduction in Urban China

Tsang, Eileen Y.H., Lee, Pak K. (2016) Raising Successful Offspring by Chinese Middle-Class Parents: A Sociocultural Approach to the Study of Class Reproduction in Urban China. Asian Journal of Social Science, 44 (1-2). pp. 165-186. ISSN 1568-4849. E-ISSN 1568-5314. (doi:10.1163/15685314-04401010)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685314-04401010

Abstract

This article analyses the intergenerational mobility of the Chinese “new middle class” in Shanghai, China. Building on the Bourdieusian concept of social capital, it puts forward a sociocultural approach to explaining the reproduction of the middle class in contemporary urban China. It explores why cultural capital and marketable professional qualification are not enough for younger members of this class to secure their class status and upward mobility. It also discusses how and why the pre-reform socialist social institutions of danwei (work unit) and hukou (household registration) continue to play decisive roles in consolidating the middle class’ life status in post-reform China. This study finds that middle-class parents capitalise on their accrued and privileged guanxi (interpersonal relationship), built on the socialist social institutions, to help their children find good jobs to maintain their own upward intergenerational mobility.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1163/15685314-04401010
Uncontrolled keywords: Chinese new middle class, Bourdieusian social capital, sociocultural approach, Chinese danwei and hukou, guanxi
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Pak K Lee
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2016 17:48 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:01 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54244 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Lee, Pak K.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1592-7277
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