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Developments in amphibian captive breeding and reintroduction programs

Harding, Gemma, Griffiths, Richard A., Pavajeau, Lissette (2015) Developments in amphibian captive breeding and reintroduction programs. Conservation Biology, 30 (2). pp. 340-349. ISSN 0888-8892. E-ISSN 1523-1739. (doi:10.1111/cobi.12612) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:54241)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
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Captive breeding and reintroduction remain high profile but controversial conservation interventions.

It is important to understand how such programs develop and respond to strategic conservation initiatives.

We analyzed the contribution to conservation made by amphibian captive breeding and reintroduction

since the launch of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Amphibian Conservation

Action Plan (ACAP) in 2007. We assembled data on amphibian captive breeding and reintroduction from a

variety of sources including the Amphibian Ark database and the IUCN Red List. We also carried out systematic

searches of Web of Science, JSTOR, and Google Scholar for relevant literature. Relative to data collected from

1966 to 2006, the number of species involved in captive breeding and reintroduction projects increased by

57% in the 7 years since release of the ACAP. However, there have been relatively few new reintroductions over

this period; most programs have focused on securing captive-assurance populations (i.e., species taken into

captivity as a precaution against extinctions in the wild) and conservation-related research. There has been

a shift to a broader representation of frogs, salamanders, and caecilians within programs and an increasing

emphasis on threatened species. There has been a relative increase of species in programs from Central

and South America and the Caribbean, where amphibian biodiversity is high. About half of the programs

involve zoos and aquaria with a similar proportion represented in specialist facilities run by governmental or

nongovernmental agencies. Despite successful reintroduction often being regarded as the ultimate milestone

for such programs, the irreversibility of many current threats to amphibians may make this an impractical

goal. Instead, research on captive assurance populations may be needed to develop imaginative solutions to

enable amphibians to survive alongside current, emerging, and future threats.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/cobi.12612
Uncontrolled keywords: amphibian decline; captive assurance; ex situ conservation; frog; translocation; toad
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Richard Griffiths
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2016 11:42 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 11:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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