Crusaders in Crisis: Towards the Re-assessment of the Origins and Nature of the ‘People’s Crusade’ of 1095-6

Slavin, Philip (2010) Crusaders in Crisis: Towards the Re-assessment of the Origins and Nature of the ‘People’s Crusade’ of 1095-6. Imago Temporis: Medium Aevum, 4 . pp. 175-199. ISSN 1888-3931. E-ISSN 2340-7778. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Many explanations have been offered for the commencement of the crusading movement in the late eleventh century. However, the ecological and socio-economic background of the 1090s has been, largely, neglected by scholars up until today. The current paper surveys and analyzes the ecological and economic crisis of 1093-1096, as the prelude to the First Crusade, chiefly in its “popular” form. The pestilence of 1093-1094, drought and famine of 1095 have increased the religious zeal and social violence of the popular masses in regions of Germany, the Low Countries and France. This combination has turned into the (failed) crusade. The collective behaviour of the crusading rustics reflects their economic distress, religious zeal and violent mood, at the same time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: The First Crusade, Ecological Crisis, Pestilence, Famine, Apocalyptic Visions, Violence, Religious Zeal, Anti-Semitism.
Subjects: D History General and Old World
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of History
Depositing User: M.R.L. Hurst
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 15:02 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2016 11:05 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54131 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Slavin, Philip: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6460-145X
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